Injury Prevention for Marathon Runners

Marathon & Half-Marathon Training Advice,Running Injuries: Tips & Inspiration
Injury Prevention for Marathon Runners

The last thing a runner wants is to be struck by an injury, bringing those stress-relieving runs to a halt. Here are some guidelines to help you stay injury-free while training for a marathon. From wearing the right kit, to stretching, hydration, and even ice baths, check out this handy guide for keeping running injuries at bay.

While Running / Before & After Running / Between Runs / FAQs

Preventing Injuries While Running

1. Mix the terrain

Road running can lead to injuries because of the repetitive nature of your footstrike on a flat surface. An imbalance in your muscle strength or leg alignment increases the risk of picking up a repetitive strain injury from long runs. Try a few runs off road for a softer, more undulating surface.

2. Get the right shoes

Make sure you wear the correct running shoes for your gait and the terrain you run on. Find out about our Natural Gait Analysis here.

3. Wear the right clothing

Remember to wear appropriate running clothing for the temperature – warm muscles are less likely to pull.

4. Try compression

Compression clothing that supports tired or tight muscles might also be a useful investment.

Women's Compressport Trail Compression Shorts
£71.00 £95.00

Featuring compression that boosts blood flow, allowing you to run faster, for longer. Ventilation bands for air flow and quick drying.

Men's Compressport Trail Under Control Compression Shorts
£71.00 £95.00

Perfect multi-functional & quick drying tights. Smart compression panels for maximum support and shock absorption. Rear mesh pockets.

Women's Skins Skyscraper Tights Series 3
£85.00 £100.00

The newest from Skins! Medium strength compression to enhance blood-flow and muscle support to reduce fatigue. High waist with rear pocket.

Men's Skins Long Tights Series 3
£85.00 £100.00

Designed to support even your hardest training: whether a long or short run, cross-training, or track & field session. Rear mesh pocket.

Compressport R2V2 Calf Guards V3

Made for a faster recovery and better protection against high-impact sessions. Helping to reduce fatigue, cramps and injuries.

Compressport R2 Oxygen Calf Guards

Premium calf sleeves that will keep you cooler and supported thanks to exclusive hyperventilated fibre. Weight: just 11g each!
5. Electrolytes

Don't forget to look after your hydration and energy levels using energy gels and energy drinks. Muscles can cramp through an imbalance of tissue salts such as magnesium.

Maurten Gel 100

World’s first hydrogel energy gel! Made with just 6 natural ingredients. Very easy to digest, enabling uptake of up to 100g/hour.

High 5 Energy Gel Aqua

If you don’t get on with strong tastes, this is for you. Made of diluted real fruit juices so there’s no need to drink extra water. Up to 2 sachets/hour.

Energy Gel

Natural and tasty gel to keep up your energy on a longer run. Unique blend of maltodextrin delivers 40% more carbohydrate into the muscles!

High 5 Zero

These light and refreshing tabs can be used during intensive training to maintain high electrolyte levels. Great to reduce fatigue and muscle cramping.

Elete Electrolyte Add-In 25ml

Liquid containing all 4 key electrolytes – Sodium, Magnesium, Chloride and Potassium. Just add it to water for optimal hydration.
6. Posture

Try to be aware of your posture and gait, especially when you are tired. Overtraining is a classic reason for picking up an injury.
More on Running Form for a Pain-Free Marathon »

7. Enjoy!

Remember running brings joy into your life and builds you up - it shouldn't break you down!

Preventing Injuries Before and After Running

There are some simple precautions you can take before and after a run to keep your body in balance.

1. Hydration

Before setting off, make sure you are hydrated. If you are hungry take a moment for a light snack or energy drink.

2. Stretching

Do some mobilisation exercises and warm up to loosen the muscles beforehand. Do a cool-down, and stretch your muscles afterwards.
Videos: Running Injury Prevention & Care »

3. Trigger Point Therapy

Trigger Points for RunningOne great tool that has emerged is trigger point therapy. You activate muscles by massaging the neural centres relating to those muscles. You can "switch on" the main muscles for running: glutes, hamstrings and quads, in this way. If the muscles are firing up, it is far less likely you will injure the smaller muscle groups like calves and shins.

4. Chill Out

After a run, dowse your legs in cold water. If you are really brave, have a dip in an ice bath. This will considerably reduce muscle stiffness.

Preventing Injuries Between Runs

This is where you can really do some positive work to support your running life and prevent injuries.

1. Cross-Training

An excellent way to strengthen your body and give variety to your mind is cross-training: cycling, swimming and working machines in the gym. This is an effective way of increasing your heart rate and endurance, without impact damage to muscles.
More on Strength & Cross Training »

2. Core Strength

Because of our sedentary lifestyles, often core muscles become lazy and will benefit from doing pilates and core strength circuits. Even taking care of your posture at your desk can help. Yoga gives strength and suppleness and is brilliant for easing out sore muscles and joints.
Videos: Core Strength for Runners »

3. Get a Massage or Physio Checkup

Just for maintenance, it is worth visiting a practitioner such as a physio, osteopath or sports masseur regularly.

4. Running Workshops

For inspiration and for progress in your running technique, you could try a running workshop at Run and Become.

5. Look Around

There are many different schools of thought about running; search around and see what inspires and motivates you, then use that to strengthen your mind, emotions and body to prevent an injury.

Frequently Asked Questions

How do you stay pain-free during a marathon?

If we are being realistic, this is obviously not possible. However, you can contribute to keeping injuries at bay increasing your mileage gradually by 10% a week and having an easy week every 4 weeks. Another thing that will help is to improve your running technique. Runners often get injuries from over-striding and heel-striking, as this increases the impact on the body. 
More about Running Form for a Pain-Free Marathon » 

What injuries do marathon runners get?

Marathon runners often suffer from muscle injuries in the lower legs (as do many other runners). This is not surprising when we consider that running is a sport in which our body is exposed to an impact of up to 3-4 times our own body weight. Such injuries are usually stress fractures, plantar fasciitis, shin splints, hamstrings or ITB problems.
More about common running injuries »

Can you run a marathon when injured?

As always, it depends on the severity of the injury or “niggle”. If it looks like a serious injury and your full range of motion or speed is compromised, or your body hurts in a particular area when running, you should consult with a professional. If it just seems like a minor “niggle” and race day is very close, this may not be possible, and you may need to make a decision yourself. As long as there is no risk of worsening the injury, rest in the final few days and then consider having to do your own “runner's first aid” for race day.
More about whether to race or not »

This general information is not intended to diagnose any medical condition or to replace your healthcare professional. Any exercises are ones we've found very useful and want to share with our customers. But we're not certified instructors. Always consult your specialist before beginning any exercise programme. Consult with your healthcare professional to design an appropriate exercise prescription. If you experience any pain or difficulty with these exercises or advice, stop and consult your healthcare provider.

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