Calf Muscles and Running: Injury & Care

Running Mobilisation & Stretching,Running Injuries: Shin Splints & Calf
Calf Muscles and Running: Injury & Care

There are several muscles in the front and back of the lower leg. The calf at the back of the leg comprises two main muscles: the gastrocnemius (which itself has two parts) and the soleus (which lies underneath the gastrocnemius).


PREVENTING CALF PROBLEMS

As with all the muscles we use for running, the calf muscles need some attention in order to keep them in tip-top condition. Here are some things you can do:


Resist overtraining

Naturally most of us want to improve or maintain our current running performance, whether it be to run faster, longer, or simply just to keep running regularly. Sometimes, however, we might get a little too enthusiastic and overdo it, and this can lead to injury.

My own experience of a calf strain (torn calf muscle) resulted from running much too fast down a hill, thinking I was superwoman! The pain was sharp and stopped me in my tracks. The muscle took quite a few weeks to repair itself, but then I was back to running well. Try to be aware of your body when running, so that you can transcend yourself but not overtrain.


Replenish electrolytes

Cramping of the calf muscles is where the muscles contract and then stay contracted. This can come about if the muscles are overused, if the body is dehydrated and deficient in the minerals calcium, sodium, potassium and magnesium. The minerals will help you rehydrate, in turn helping your muscles. Certain products can provide an easy and effective way to replenish lost minerals/electrolytes.

Shop all Hydration Nutrition »

Tailwind Nutrition Endurance Fuel 2 Servings
Running Energy & Hydration Drinks
£2.60

Active Root Single Sachet (1 x 35g)
Running Energy & Hydration Drinks
£1.50

Maurten Drink Mix 320 Caf 100 Sachet
Running Energy & Hydration Drinks
£3.90

Warm up and warm down

Running Stretches - Hips and CalvesSome runners prefer to incorporate a warm-up during the start of their run by jogging slowly at first and then gradually picking up the pace as the muscles warm and lengthen. Other runners might want to actively stretch out their calf (and other) muscles before they actually begin to jog or run.

More vital is a warm-down or stretching routine after the run. Muscles which have become elongated during a run can tighten up after the run, so it is a good idea to stretch them out gently.

A good stretch for the gastrocnemius muscle is to place your hands against a wall, have one leg back and one leg forward, with your feet flat on the floor and your knees straight. The gastrocnemius of the back leg will be stretched. Hold the pose for about 30 seconds, but make sure you do not stretch to the point of pain.

A good stretch for the soleus muscle is to perform the above stretch and bend the knee of the back leg. This will additionally stretch out your achilles tendon.


Post-run stretches in depth

These calf stretches will improve the health of your muscles but always remember: calf tears need rest not stretch; if you think you might have a tear then consult a physiotherapist pronto.

Body conditioning really has to be seen as an essential part of our weekly training routine. It does us so much good; not only working on other muscles that running doesn’t quite reach but also building strength to maintain good posture and detoxing all that stress we are so good at holding on to each day. So dedicating part of your exercise time to glutes and stomach workout, plus a few press-ups for those shoulders, will arguably help as much as stretching. Everything’s connected! Our training videos show you how to fit your strength training in with ease; quickly and effectively.

In Shankara's video she talks of Shiatsu as the magic cure for unhappy calf muscles. It really can help with getting the blood and oxygen flushing through the muscles and tendons, aiding recovery. Of course, physiotherapy is also great, acupuncture can also do the trick.


Massage

It’s also a good idea to massage your muscles after a shower, using The Grid, a massage ball or a massage gun. From a position where you are seated on the floor you can roll your calves over the Grid with greater or lesser intensity. A massage aid will help to tease out tight muscle fibres.

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Trigger Point The Grid Foam Roller
Foam Rollers & Massage Aids
£37.00

Trigger Point MB1 Massage Ball
Foam Rollers & Massage Aids
£14.99

TREATING A CALF INJURY

If you are unlucky enough to sustain a calf injury you would do well to follow a few guidelines in sequence.

If you have injured your soleus muscle, you are more likely to experience an ache. If you have injured your gastrocnemius muscle you will experience a sharper pain.

Rest
Ice and Compression
Gentle Stretches
Light Jogging


Rest

Calf MuscleYou will need to rest if you have calf strain. If you continue to run you will not give the calf muscles a chance to repair themselves. Depending on the severity of the strain, the pain may not allow you to run anyway.

In severe cases you may need a period of immobilisation. Rest assured, however, that your rehabilitation will start immediately. If you can walk, walking around will automatically help recovery. Aim to walk pain-free before you consider calf stretches. This can take 7 to 10 days.


Ice and Compression

It can be beneficial to ice the affected area for 20 minutes of every hour for the first 24 hours. Compression can easily be achieved with compression socks or calf tights. Wear them at night for hours of recovery time. 

Shop Compression Clothing »

Compressport R2 Oxygen Calf Guards
£46.00

Pressio Power Calf Guards
Compression Running Socks & Calf Guards
£40.00

Pressio Equilibrium Calf Guards
Compression Running Socks & Calf Guards
£30.00

Men's Pressio BIO Run Tights
Men's Compression Tights
£110.00

Women's Pressio BIO High Rise Tights
Women's Compression Tights
£110.00

Gentle Stretches

Once you can walk pain-free you can try some gentle stretches. Start with seated calf raises, then progress to standing calf raises. You can do the calf raises with or without equipment.

For a seated calf raise without equipment sit with your feet flat on the floor. Raise your heels so that you come on to the balls of your feet. Stay there a moment before you lower your heels.

For a standing calf raise without equipment, raise your heels again so that you come on to the balls of your feet. Stay there a moment before you lower your heels. Use a wall or chair for balance if need be.

A progression from this is to stand with the balls of your feet on the bottom stair of a flight of stairs. Raise your heels, putting your weight on to the balls of your feet. (It can be wise to hold on to a handrail for balance.) After a moment lower your heels to slightly below the edge of the bottom stair.

Make sure you do all the stretches without pain, so as not to set your recovery back. You can stretch too much too early after injury. The scar tissue is not as flexible and it can take a little while to break down. If you go back to running too quickly, the injury may reoccur. In the later stages of recovery you could see a sports massage therapist for deeper work on your calf.


Light Jogging

Over time, when you have rested, when you can walk pain-free and you can stretch pain-free, you could try light jogging. Try for a few minutes with your first jog, taking time afterwards to assess how your calf muscles feel. If they feel fine, go out again the next day, or the day after, and go a little longer. In this way your rehabilitation will be sure and you will be enjoying your normal running again in no time.


SUMMARY

Prevention is better than the cure, so look after yourself! However, if you become injured, be the master of your own recovery. Help is available from so many sources. Take heart, apply yourself, and you could well be running better than ever!


These are exercises that we've found very useful and want to share with our customers. But we're not certified instructors. Always consult your specialist before beginning any exercise programme. This general information is not intended to diagnose any medical condition or to replace your healthcare professional. Consult with your healthcare professional to design an appropriate exercise prescription. If you experience any pain or difficulty with these exercises, stop and consult your healthcare provider.

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